|author:||Ian Bicking <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
Paste Script is released under the MIT license.
Paste Script has passed version 1.0. Paste Script is an actively maintained project. As of 1.0, we’ll make a strong effort to maintain backward compatibility. This will include deprecation warnings when necessary. Major changes will take place under new functions or with new entry points.
This creates the skeleton for new projects. Many different kinds of projects have created skeletons for their projects (Pylons, TurboGears, ZopeSkel, and others).
For a tutorial for making new skeletons, see this tutorial from Lucas Szybalski. It also discusses creating new subcommands for paster.
The one useful command you may want to know about for paster is paster serve. This serves an application described in a Paste Deploy configuration file.
A quickstart (and example), if not complete explanation:
[app:main] use = egg:PasteEnabledPackage option1 = foo option2 = bar [server:main] use = egg:PasteScript#wsgiutils host = 127.0.0.1 port = 80
egg:PasteEnabledPackage refers to some package that has been prepared for use with paste.deploy, and options given to that package. If you are starting out with some framework, you’ll have to reference some documentation for that framework to paste-deploy-ify your application (or read the paste.deploy documentation).
In the same file is a server description. egg:PasteScript#wsgiutils is a server (named wsgiutils) provided by this package, based on WSGIUtils. And we pass various options particular to that server.
Other packages can provide servers, but currently Paste Script includes glue for these:
There is the start of support for twisted.web2 in paste.script.twisted_web2_server; patches welcome.
paster serve --help gives useful output:
usage: /usr/local/bin/paster serve [options] CONFIG_FILE [start|stop|restart|status] Serve the described application If start/stop/restart is given, then it will start (normal operation), stop (--stop-daemon), or do both. You probably want ``--daemon`` as well for stopping. Options: -h, --help show this help message and exit -v, --verbose -q, --quiet -nNAME, --app-name=NAME Load the named application (default main) -sSERVER_TYPE, --server=SERVER_TYPE Use the named server. --server-name=SECTION_NAME Use the named server as defined in the configuration file (default: main) --daemon Run in daemon (background) mode --pid-file=FILENAME Save PID to file (default to paster.pid if running in daemon mode) --log-file=LOG_FILE Save output to the given log file (redirects stdout) --reload Use auto-restart file monitor --reload-interval=RELOAD_INTERVAL Seconds between checking files (low number can cause significant CPU usage) --status Show the status of the (presumably daemonized) server --user=USERNAME Set the user (usually only possible when run as root) --group=GROUP Set the group (usually only possible when run as root) --stop-daemon Stop a daemonized server (given a PID file, or default paster.pid file)
Basically you give it a configuration file. If you don’t do anything else, it’ll serve the [app:main] application with the [server:main] server. You can pass in --server-name=foo to serve the [server:foo] section (or even --server-name=config:foo.ini to use a separate configuration file).
Similarly you can use --app-name=foo to serve [app:foo].
--daemon will run the server in the backgroup, --user and --group will set the user, as you might want to do from a start script (run as root). If you don’t give a --pid-file it will write the pid to paster.pid (in the current directory).
--stop-daemon will stop the daemon in paster.pid or whatever --pid-file you give. --log-file will redirect stdout and stderr to that file.
--reload will start the reload monitor, and restart the server whenever a file is edited. This can be a little expensive, but is very useful during development.
On Posix (Linux, Unix, etc) systems you can turn your configuration files into executable scripts.
First make the file executable (chmod +x config_file.ini). The you should add a line like this to the top of the file:
You can include a command and command-line options in an [exe] section, like:
[exe] command = serve daemon = true user = nobody group = nobody
(use true and false for options that don’t take an argument).
If you use daemon = true then you’ll be able to use the script as an rc script, so you can do:
$ sudo ./config_file.ini start $ sudo ./config_file.ini restart
and so forth.
Note that this is a little wonky still on some platforms and shells (notably it doesn’t work under csh). If you get an error about “Command config_file.ini not known” then this probably won’t work for you. In the future an additional script to paster will be added just for this purpose.